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Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Transported in the United States by Mode (Metric)
Details may not add to totals due to rounding in the source publication.
1.459972 tonne-kilometers = 1 ton mile.
a Beginning with 2006 data, Pipeline data were taken from PHMSA F 7000-1-1. Previously, data were extracted from FERC Form No. 6, which included data for federally-regulated pipelines. For 2005, data for federally regulated Pipelines were estimated to include about 90 percent of the total national ton-miles, so the Pipeline statistics for that year were adjusted to include an additional 10 percent of ton-miles. From 1990 through 2004, the federally regulated estimate was 84 percent with a 16 percent addition for other Pipeline ton-miles.
b The large increase in Water carrier Ton-miles between 1975 and 1980 reflects the entrance of the Alaska pipeline, moving crude petroleum for water transportation to U.S. refineries.
c The amount carried by Motor carriers is estimated.
1975: Association of Oil Pipe Lines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC), table 6.
1980-85: Ibid., (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), tables 1, 2, and 3.
1990-2009: Ibid., (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), tables 1, 2, and 3, available at as of Apr. 5, 2012.